Nowadays Belgrade is a city full of museums and several places with exhibitions for everyone's taste. Belgrade museums range over a wide variety of subjects: the most famous museum in Belgrade is National museum founded in 1844, the Military museum but also the Ethnographic museum built in 1901 which is probably the best place to discover Balkan culture and traditions and moreover Museum of Contemporary arts and museum of famous Serbian scientist Nikola Tesla.
The National Museum is one of the oldest institutions in Belgrade. It was built in 1844 at the initiative of the Serb writer Jovan Sterija Popović and it has vast collection of drawings, paintings and other interesting artefacts (400,000 items) among which some foreign masterpieces. The National Museum in Belgrade is a complex type museum consisting in three main sections: the Fresco Gallery, the Museum of Vuk and Dositej and Memorial Museum of Nadežda and Rastko Petrović. Since during World War II it has suffered considerable damages, the works on conservation and restoration in 1964 gave it back the original look. It contains a number of prehistoric and classical archaeological collections, related to mediaeval culture and art, collections of the VIII and XX-century painters, a fine collection of foreign artistic works, rich numismatic section (domestic and foreign), as well as a graphic section. This museum is also famous for its technical library and activities of its highly developed conservation and restoration center, which is among the largest of its kind in the world. The National Museum also holds the Gospel of Miroslav from the 12th century, a real attraction for tourism since it is the most valuable and the oldest artefact of Serb culture, written Serbia by two monks between 1180 and 1191. It has been officially declared the most beautiful Cyrillic manuscript in the world and a cultural treasure placed. Moreover the museum hosts the archive of the Museum of Nikola Tesla, under the protection of the UNESCO program “Memories of the World”.
Kalemegdan bb, tel. 3343441, www.muzej.mod.gov.rs
The Military Museum was established in 1878. It has a collection of about 26,000 items, an exhibition goes as far as back to Roman times all the way to the parts or NATO military aircrafts that were shot down during 1999 war in Serbia. One of the most interesting piece are the rests of a F-117, who was shot down by Yugoslav anti-aircraft guns in 1999. The collection includes flags (from 1918 to 1945), medals and other decorations from 1918, photographs from the XIX century, archives and uniforms. Exhibited in the outer space around the museum (the walls and the ditch of the Fortress) are the self-loading cannons from the XVIII and XIX century, heavy weaponry from the World War I and II, anti-airplane and naval guns, Partisan boats and other items.
Studentski trg 13, tel. 328-1888, www.etnografskimuzej.rs
The Ethnographic museum was built in 1901 and it represents one of the oldest museum building in Serbia., is one of the largest and most complete with respect to the culture of the Balkans, the best place to discover Balkan culture and traditions and lifestyle especially if you are interested in history of ex Yugoslavia. Its collection consist of 151,990 items and the following collections: folk costumes, cloths and carpets; trade devices; crafts; furniture and dishes (wood, metal, ceramics); traditional objects; paintings; old photographs; field objects and paintings.
Nikola Tesla Museum is located in the city center of Belgrade, in a residential villa built in 1929 according to the project of Dragiša Brašovan. Originally the building was used for various purposes until 1952, when Nikola Tesla Museum was founded. This Museum is a unique institution of science and culture in Serbia. It is the sole museum in the world which preserves the original and personal inheritance of Nikola Tesla. It contains several exceptionally valuable collections: above 160,000 original documents, books and journals, historical technical exhibits, photographs and photo plates of original, technical objects, instruments and apparatus, plans and drawings. Moreover the Museum plays a significant role in providing abundant information to the researchers of history of science and inventors.
Contemporary Art Museum
Ušće bb, tel. 3115713, www.msub.org.rs
The Contemporary Art Museum was founded in 1958 and is located in premises in New Belgrade. The original architectural design of the building is reminiscent of a crystal. The permanent exhibit contains a wide selection of Yugoslav painting, sculpture and engravings from the 20th century. It has around 8,540 items, the most important works of Yugoslav painters, sculptors and graphic artists of the XX century. Beside the permanent exhibition there is also a dynamical gallery part dedicated to study and retrospective exhibitions of acknowledged Yugoslav artists and international artists. The permanent exhibition displays anthology selection of Yugoslav works of the XX century, divided into three periods: the first covers the period from 1900 until 1918, the second period (more complex and dynamic) covers the period from 1918 until 1941, meanwhile the third period, from 1945 until today, is the most developed one, with the largest number of artists and artistic tendencies. The separate collection includes sculptures made from 1900 until middle seventies of the XX century with the most important contemporary Yugoslav sculptors.
Historical Museum of Serbia
Nemanjina 24/7, tel. 3398335, www.imus.org.rs
The Historical Museum was founded in 1963. It is mainly oriented to collecting materials about the he First (1804-1813) and Second Serbian Uprising (1815), as events of particular historical value for the Serbian people (organized struggle against the Turks).. The Museum is divided into several sections: the middle ages, the period of foreign governance, the period between 1804 and 1918, the period of the People’s Liberation War 1941-1945 and the post-war development of Serbia. It has around 25,500 items and collections from the fields of archaeology, ethnology, numismatics, fine arts and applied arts, symbols, seals, placards, arms and military equipment, belonging of insurrectionist leaders, manuscripts, photographs and archive materials.
Yugoslav Aviation Museum
Aerodrom "Nikola Tesla", Surčin, tel. 2670992
The Yugoslav Aviation Museum was built in 1957 with the intent of preserving material evidence of importance for the birth and development of aeronautics in the area. It has various types of aircraft, engines, equipment, memorial collections of particular pilots, models and teaching aids, it contains more than 200 aircraft (but only 50 are exposed) some of those unique such as the Fiat G.50, the sole exemplar in the world; but also 130 aircraft engines, several radars and rockets, aeronautical equipment, over 40,000 books and photographs. The museum building has a very attractive design and is located at the plateau in front of the Belgrade Airport in Surčin.
Memorial Museum of Ivo Andrić
Andrićev venac 8/I, tel. 3238397, www.ivoandric.org.rs
This museum preserves the memory of the Sebian Nobel Prize winning author Ivo Andrić. It aims to show the visitors the authentic ambient of Andrić everyday life as well as important stages in his creative biography. The Museum contains several documents such as student’s cards, passports, diplomas, the Nobel Prize, Vuk’s Awards, and photographs. Furthermore the exhibit displays the original manuscripts of Andrić’s work, letters, various editions of books in local and foreign languages, as well as his personal effects.
Konak Knjeginje Ljubice
Kneza Sime Markovića 8, tel. 638264, www.mgb.org.rs
Konak Kneginje Ljubice or the Palace of Princess Ljubica (the wife of King Milos Obrenovic) was built in 1829-1831 by Hadži-Nikola Živković in the so-called Serbian-Balkan style. It was the living place for Knez Miloš Obrenović family, Kneginja (Princess) Ljubica and sons - Milan and Mihailo. Inside is possible to see some clothes of the Princess and several family portraits of the King family. Later, since 1842 (the throne-ceremony of Aleksandar Karadordevic), the building has been used as a Court of Cassation and Appeal Court, Museum of Art, Church Museum, Senior Home, Bureau for Protection of Cultural Monuments of Serbia and today it is a part of the Museum of the City of Belgrade, used for exhibitions. There is also a permanent exhibition consisting of original furniture, made in Oriental-Balkan style as well as in other styles of that time (classicism, Biedermeier, neo-baroque). The entry ticket costs 1 Euro and it is possible to have also an English speaking guide.